The factors leading up to the japanese american internment

John J.

why japanese internment camps were necessary

War Department suspected that Japanese Americans might act as saboteurs or espionage agents, despite a lack of hard evidence to support that view.

American citizenship does not necessarily determine loyalty Bad sanitation caused outbreaks of food poisoning at many camps.

German internment camps

A civilian organization called the War Relocation Authority was set up in March to administer the plan, with Milton S. From , at the behest of President Roosevelt, the ONI began compiling a "special list of those who would be the first to be placed in a concentration camp in the event of trouble" between Japan and the United States. Many found that their properties had been seized for nonpayment of taxes or otherwise appropriated. President Reagan signs a law apologizing for internment and promising money to survivors A monument at Manzanar , "to console the souls of the dead" Wikimedia Commons has media related to Japanese American internment. Many Japanese internees were temporarily released from their camps — for instance, to harvest Western beet crops — to address this wartime labor shortage. Japanese Americans contributed to the agriculture of California and other Western states, by introducing irrigation methods that enabled the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, and flowers on previously inhospitable land. One day after Roosevelt made his announcement, the Supreme Court revealed its decision. Roosevelt on February 19, , authorized military commanders to designate "military areas" at their discretion, "from which any or all persons may be excluded. Famously, in Tule Lake Camp, a strong self-identification with Japanese culture led to a creation of a pro-Japan group that later rioted and had its leaders sent to the Santa Fe Internment Camp.

Fearing a riot, police tear-gassed crowds, and one man was killed by police. About 7, Issei were interned and about 5, Nisei were stripped of their U.

japanese american history

Published August 21, The food was mass produced army-style grub.

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The Incarceration of Japanese